What is the No-Confidence Motion? Explained

Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla formally accepted the opposition’s no-confidence motion against the BJP government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Gaurav Gogoi, a prominent member of the Congress Party, moved the no-confidence motion in the Lower House of Parliament amid ongoing opposition protests over the Manipur issue. The opposition is demanding a statement from Prime Minister Narendra Modi on ethnic violence and sexual assaults in Manipur.

The Speaker will hold consultations with leaders of all political parties before deciding the precise date on which the motion will be debated.

What is a motion of no confidence?

A vote of no confidence is a vote to determine whether a person holding a prominent position, particularly in government or management, is suitable for the position. It serves as an assessment of whether the person in power is still considered capable of occupying her current position. In simpler words, a vote of no confidence is a vote that takes place when members lose confidence in a person in a position of power.

The first no-confidence motion was moved in August 1963 in the Lok Sabha by Acharya Kriplani, just after the Sino-Indian War of 1962. Since then, 27 no-confidence motions have been moved. The opposition motion against Prime Minister Modi over the Manipur fiasco will mark the 28th time it has been tabled on the Lok Sabha floor.

How does a vote of no confidence work in India?

Article 75 (3) stipulated in our Constitution states that the Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament. Any Lok Sabha Member of Parliament (MP) who can muster the support of 50 MPs has the authority to move a no-confidence motion against the Council of Ministers.

A member of the Lok Sabha must submit written notification before 10 am if a vote of no confidence is to be submitted. Voting must take place within 10 days of the acceptance of the motion.

A debate then takes place where the Lok Sabha members deliberate on the motion and finally a vote is taken. If a majority of the members vote in favor of the motion, it will be considered approved. If approved, the ruling government will have to step down.

This is not the first time Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government has faced a no-confidence motion. In 2018, TRS moved the motion against the prime minister, which was accepted by the president but rejected. The Lok Sabha has a majority of 272 seats out of a total of 543 seats. Currently, the NDA (National Democratic Alliance) government has a significant number of seats, with 331 members supporting it, and the BJP (Bharatiya Janta Party) alone has 303 MPs.

It is highly unlikely that Prime Minister Modi will lose the no-confidence motion. However, the motion will force the government to make a statement on Manipur, where violent clashes have killed many and displaced around 60,000 people. After the video of two women parading naked went viral, sparking national and global outrage, the government needs to take strict measures to prohibit something like this from happening again.

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Source: ptivs2.edu.vn

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