Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World

S. No

Water Resources Country

Freshwater (Cubic Kilometre)








United States of America












European Union











Best Water Resources Countries in World

Water is a vital resource for sustaining life and supporting various socioeconomic activities. While many countries face water scarcity and struggle to meet the growing demands of their populations, some nations are fortunate to possess abundant water resources. These countries are considered the best in terms of their access to freshwater, availability of natural water bodies, and efficient water management systems. In this article, we will explore the top countries known for their exceptional water resources, highlighting their geographical advantages, conservation efforts, and strategies for ensuring sustainable water supplies. These nations serve as shining examples of effective water resource management and can offer valuable insights for others facing water-related challenges.


1. Brazil (8,233)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

Brazil is renowned for its extensive water resources, boasting the largest freshwater reserve in the world. The country’s vast network of rivers, lakes, and underground aquifers contributes to its abundant water availability. The Amazon River, which runs through Brazil, is the largest river globally, accounting for a significant portion of the country’s water resources.

The Brazilian government has implemented various measures to protect and manage its water resources effectively. These include the creation of protected areas, such as national parks and reserves, to preserve water bodies and their ecosystems. Additionally, Brazil has developed comprehensive water management plans, aiming to balance water usage for agriculture, industry, and domestic consumption while ensuring the sustainability of water sources.

However, Brazil also faces challenges in water resource management. Certain regions, particularly in the northeast, experience periodic droughts, which can impact water availability. Furthermore, deforestation and pollution pose threats to water quality and ecosystems. Efforts are being made to address these issues through initiatives such as reforestation programs, wastewater treatment facilities, and educational campaigns promoting water conservation.

2. Russia (4,508)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

Russia, with its vast territory spanning two continents, is known for its abundant water resources. The country is endowed with numerous rivers, lakes, and groundwater reserves, making it one of the richest nations in terms of freshwater availability.

The Volga River, Europe’s longest river, flows through Russia, providing a vital source of water for agriculture, industry, and domestic use. The country also possesses an extensive network of lakes, including Lake Baikal, the deepest and oldest freshwater lake globally, containing around 20% of the world’s unfrozen freshwater reserves.

Russia has established robust water management systems to protect and preserve its water resources. The government has implemented legislation to regulate water usage and ensure sustainable practices. Efforts have been made to monitor water quality, prevent pollution, and promote responsible water consumption.

Despite its abundant water resources, Russia faces challenges in ensuring equal access to clean water across its vast territory. Some remote regions experience difficulties in water supply and sanitation infrastructure. Initiatives are being undertaken to address these issues, such as improving infrastructure and implementing water conservation practices in water-stressed areas.

3. United States of America (3,069)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

The United States is home to diverse water resources, ranging from mighty rivers to expansive lakes and vast groundwater reserves. Its extensive coastline further adds to its water wealth. The country’s water resources are spread across its various regions, each with distinct water management challenges.

The Mississippi River, along with its tributaries, forms the largest river system in North America and serves as a critical water resource for the central and southern states. The Great Lakes, shared with Canada, contain around 21% of the world’s freshwater supply and play a vital role in supporting various economic activities.

Water resource management in the United States is a shared responsibility between federal, state, and local authorities. Numerous laws and regulations, such as the Clean Water Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act, have been enacted to safeguard water quality and ensure sustainable usage.

However, the United States also faces water-related challenges. Some regions, particularly in the western states, experience water scarcity due to factors like drought and population growth. Efforts are being made to address these issues through water conservation measures, investments in water infrastructure, and the promotion of sustainable practices.

4. Canada (2,902)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

Canada is widely recognized as one of the countries with the best water resources in the world. It’s vast landmass and diverse geography contribute to an abundance of freshwater sources, including rivers, lakes, and glaciers. Canada possesses an estimated 20% of the world’s freshwater resources, providing a stable water supply for its population and various industries.

The country’s extensive river network plays a crucial role in water availability. The longest river in Canada is the Mackenzie River, which runs approximately 4,241 kilometers through the Northwest Territories and into the Arctic Ocean. Additionally, the St. Lawrence River, Great Lakes, and numerous smaller rivers offer ample water resources across the country.

Canada has implemented robust water management strategies to maintain the quality and quantity of its water sources. The federal government works in collaboration with provincial and territorial authorities to regulate water usage and protect aquatic ecosystems. The country follows strict guidelines for water treatment, ensuring that drinking water standards are consistently met.

Furthermore, Canada prioritizes conservation efforts and environmental stewardship. Protected areas, such as national parks, help safeguard freshwater ecosystems and promote sustainable water management practices. The government also invests in research and technology to monitor water quality and develop innovative solutions for water-related challenges.

Canada’s vast and well-managed water resources are a testament to the country’s commitment to preserving this precious natural asset for both present and future generations.

5. China (2,840)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

China, with its extensive river systems and large water bodies, ranks among the countries with significant water resources. The nation’s diverse geography encompasses the Yangtze River, Yellow River, and other major waterways, offering extensive freshwater reserves to support its population and various sectors.

The Yangtze River, the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world, is a vital water resource for China. It stretches over 6,300 kilometers, providing water for irrigation, hydroelectric power generation, and transportation. The Yellow River, often referred to as the “Cradle of Chinese Civilization,” is another essential water source, supplying water to the arid regions of northern China.

China has undertaken extensive water management projects to harness and utilize its water resources effectively. The country has constructed a network of dams and reservoirs to regulate water flow, mitigate flooding, and generate hydroelectric power. The Three Gorges Dam, the world’s largest hydropower project, exemplifies China’s commitment to water resource development.

Despite its abundant water resources, China faces challenges related to water scarcity and pollution. Rapid industrialization and urbanization have placed immense pressure on water supplies, leading to groundwater depletion and water contamination issues. To address these concerns, China has implemented policies and initiatives to improve water conservation, promote efficient water usage, and enhance water treatment processes.

China’s focus on water resource management, including infrastructure development, conservation efforts, and pollution control measures, highlights its commitment to ensuring sustainable water supplies for its population and economy.

6. Colombia (2,132)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

Colombia, situated in the northwest corner of South America, is renowned for its exceptional water resources. The country is blessed with a diverse range of ecosystems, including rainforests, highlands, and coastal regions, which contribute to its abundant freshwater reserves.

Colombia boasts numerous rivers, with the Magdalena River being the most significant. Stretching approximately 1,528 kilometers, the Magdalena River plays a vital role in Colombia’s water supply, providing water for agricultural irrigation, navigation, and hydropower generation. The country is also home to a plethora of lakes and lagoons, such as Lake Guatavita and Lake Tota, which contribute to its water resources.

Water management in Colombia is primarily overseen by national entities, including the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. The country has implemented policies and regulations to protect its water sources, preserve biodiversity, and ensure sustainable water usage. These efforts aim to balance the needs of different sectors, including agriculture, industry, and domestic consumption, while preserving the ecological integrity of water ecosystems.

Colombia’s commitment to water resource conservation is evident through its national park system. The country has established protected areas that encompass water bodies, forests, and wetlands, promoting the preservation of aquatic ecosystems and supporting sustainable water management practices.

Despite its natural water wealth, Colombia faces challenges such as water pollution, deforestation, and climate change impacts. To address these issues, the country continues to invest in water infrastructure projects, improve water treatment facilities, and engage in research and innovation for sustainable water management.

Colombia’s abundant and well-preserved water resources make it a valuable example for other nations seeking to protect and manage their freshwater supplies effectively.

7. European Union (2,057)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

The European Union (EU) is renowned for its well-managed water resources and comprehensive water governance. With a vast network of rivers, lakes, and groundwater sources, the EU boasts total renewable water resources of 2,057 cubic kilometers. The EU has implemented strict regulations and policies to safeguard its water bodies, ensuring high-quality water for its citizens.

The EU Water Framework Directive, established in 2000, sets out guidelines for protecting and managing water resources across member states. It promotes sustainable water use, prevents pollution, and aims to achieve good ecological status for all EU waters. Additionally, the EU has implemented measures to improve water efficiency and conservation, focusing on reducing water waste and increasing water reuse in various sectors.

Moreover, the EU has invested significantly in water infrastructure and technology, including advanced wastewater treatment plants and innovative water recycling systems. These efforts have contributed to the efficient management and preservation of water resources within the EU.

8. Indonesia (2,019)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

Indonesia, an archipelago nation located in Southeast Asia, boasts abundant water resources, totaling 2,019 cubic kilometers. It is home to numerous rivers, lakes, and extensive groundwater reservoirs. Water plays a vital role in Indonesia’s agriculture, fisheries, and energy sectors.

To ensure sustainable water management, Indonesia has implemented various initiatives and policies. The government has established river basin organizations to oversee water allocation, conservation, and pollution control. These organizations collaborate with local communities and stakeholders to develop integrated water resource management plans.

Indonesia has also prioritized the development of irrigation systems to support its agriculture sector. The construction of reservoirs, dams, and canals has enhanced water availability for irrigation purposes, improving agricultural productivity and food security.

However, Indonesia faces challenges related to water pollution and inadequate access to clean water in certain regions. The government has taken steps to address these issues by promoting water treatment and sanitation programs, aiming to provide safe drinking water to all citizens.

9. Peru (1,913)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

Peru, located in western South America, is blessed with abundant water resources, totaling 1,913 cubic kilometers. Its diverse geography includes the Amazon rainforest, the Andes Mountains, and the Pacific coastline, offering a variety of water sources such as rivers, lakes, and glaciers.

Peru recognizes the importance of water resources and has implemented strategies to ensure their sustainable management. The National Water Authority oversees water-related policies and regulations, focusing on equitable water allocation, protection of water quality, and conservation efforts.

One of Peru’s significant water management achievements is the implementation of communal irrigation systems known as “Andenes.” These traditional systems, developed by indigenous communities, effectively distribute water for agricultural purposes, contributing to sustainable farming practices and preserving water resources.

Peru also faces challenges related to water scarcity, particularly in arid regions. To address this, the government has invested in infrastructure projects, including water storage reservoirs and desalination plants, to enhance water availability and support local communities.

10. India (1,911)

Top 10 Water Resources Country in World: A Look into Abundance

India, a vast South Asian nation, possesses considerable water resources, totaling 1,911 cubic kilometers. It is home to major rivers like the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Godavari, along with numerous lakes, ponds, and groundwater reserves. Water plays a crucial role in India’s agriculture, industry, and domestic needs.

India faces complex water management challenges due to its large and diverse population, regional disparities in water availability, and increasing water demand. To address these challenges, the government has implemented various initiatives and policies.

The National Water Policy emphasizes efficient water allocation, equitable distribution, and sustainable use of water resources. India has also prioritized investments in water infrastructure, including irrigation systems, dam construction, and rainwater harvesting techniques.

To ensure water security, India has launched programs such as the National Rural Drinking Water Program and the Atal Bhujal Yojana, which focus on providing safe drinking water to rural areas and managing groundwater resources, respectively.

India has also undertaken efforts to tackle water pollution through initiatives like the National River Conservation Plan. Additionally, the country has embraced community-led water management practices, such as water user associations, to foster participatory decision-making and local ownership of water resources.

Which Country Has the Most Fresh Water?

Brazil, a vast country located in South America, is known for its exceptional water resources, making it the country with the most fresh water in the world. With a staggering 8,233 cubic kilometers of renewable water resources, Brazil possesses an abundance of rivers, lakes, wetlands, and groundwater reserves.

The Amazon River, which flows through Brazil, is the largest river in the world by discharge volume. It alone accounts for a significant portion of Brazil’s freshwater resources. The country is also home to other major rivers like the Paraná, São Francisco, and Tocantins, along with numerous smaller rivers that crisscross its expansive territory.

Brazil’s freshwater resources are not only important for sustaining its ecosystems but also for supporting various sectors of its economy. Agriculture, in particular, heavily relies on these resources for irrigation and livestock farming. The fertile floodplains and river deltas provide fertile soils for agriculture, contributing to Brazil’s position as a global agricultural powerhouse.

Recognizing the significance of water resources, Brazil has implemented policies and initiatives to manage and protect its fresh water. The National Water Resources Policy, established in 1997, aims to promote integrated water resource management, prioritize water conservation, and ensure equitable access to water. The policy has led to the establishment of river basin committees and water agencies, which oversee water allocation and conservation efforts at the local level.

Brazil has also invested in water infrastructure projects, including reservoirs, dams, and irrigation systems, to enhance water storage and distribution. The Itaipu Dam, jointly operated with Paraguay, is one of the largest hydroelectric power plants in the world and a testament to Brazil’s utilization of its water resources for clean energy generation.

Despite its abundance of fresh water, Brazil faces challenges related to water management and access in certain regions. The country’s water resources are not evenly distributed, with the northern parts of Brazil having higher water availability compared to semi-arid regions in the northeast. Climate change, deforestation, and pollution pose additional threats to Brazil’s water resources, requiring continued efforts in conservation and sustainable water use.

Brazil’s status as the country with the most fresh water is a testament to its vast and diverse water resources. With proper management and conservation practices, Brazil can continue to leverage its water wealth to support its ecosystems, economy, and the well-being of its population.

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