National Flag Day 2023: Why is Flag Day in India celebrated on July 22?

National Flag Day 2023: National Flag Day is celebrated on July 22 every year in India. The day celebrates the adoption of the Indian tricolor as the national flag of India prior to independence. Subsequently, the flag was kept as that of the Republic of India. People in India popularly call the national flag Tiranga or Tricolor.

Why is Flag Day celebrated on July 22?

A variety of flags were used by the rulers of various princely states during the time before the Indian independence movement; The British rulers of India first proposed the idea of ​​a single Indian flag after the rebellion of 1857, which led to the establishment of direct imperial rule.

The Constituent Assembly was established in August 1947, a few days before India gained independence. On June 23, 1947, the assembly formed an ad hoc committee to choose a flag for the newly independent India. Rajendra Prasad served as the chairman of the committee and its other members were Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sarojini Naidu, C. Rajagopalachari, KM Munshi and BR Ambedkar.

pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru later proposed the Pingali Vekayya flag at the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947, just before India gained independence from the British on August 15, 1947. Nehru gave the crowd two flags, one made Khadi silk and the other Khadi. cotton. The horizontal tricolor of equal parts deep saffron, white and dark green, with the Ashoka wheel in blue in the middle of the white band, was adopted by unanimous vote. Between August 15, 1947 and January 26, 1950, it represented the Dominion of India as the national flag, and even then it represented the Republic of India.

What is the National Flag of India like?

The national flag of India is a horizontal tricolor with equal amounts of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom. The width-length ratio of the flag is two to three. And the middle chakra symbolizes the dark blue wheel in the center of the white ring. Its shape is similar to the wheel that can be seen on Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion Capital abacus, with 24 spokes and its diameter roughly equal to the width of the white band.




Strength and courage


Peace and truth


Fertility, growth and auspiciousness

24 spokes

wheel of law

What is the flag code?

The display and use of the flag is governed by the Indian Flag Code 2002, the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Misuse) Act 1950; and the 1971 Law for the Prevention of Insults to the National Honor. Insults to the national flag, including serious insults or indignities towards it, as well as its use in a way that violates the provisions of the Flag Code, are sanctioned by the law punishable by imprisonment for up to three years, a fine, or both.

According to the official website ‘Know Your India’, some dos and don’ts related to the national flag are:

To do

  • The National Flag may be raised in educational institutions (schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps, etc.) to inspire respect for the Flag. A loyalty oath has been included in the raising of the flag in schools.
  • A member of a public or private organization or educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honor of the National Flag.
  • Section 2 of the new code accepts the right of all private citizens to fly the flag on their premises.


  • The flag may not be used for communal gain, drapery or clothing. As far as possible, you should fly from sunrise to sunset, regardless of weather conditions.
  • The flag may not be allowed to intentionally touch the ground or the ground or the path in the water. Not to be placed on the hood, top, sides, or rear of vehicles, trains, boats, or aircraft.
  • No other flag or pennant may be placed higher than the flag. Additionally, no objects, including flowers, garlands or emblems, may be placed on or over the flag. The tricolor may not be used as an ornament, rosette, or pennant.

For Indian citizens, the national flag holds immense value and importance. It embodies a sense of pride, unity and patriotism, evoking strong emotions and a sense of belonging to the nation. The flag serves as a symbol of India’s rich cultural heritage and its struggles for independence. Displaying and respecting the flag is a sign of respect for the country and its principles. It reminds citizens of their collective identity and their responsibility to defend the values ​​of peace, diversity and progress that the flag represents.

Important days and dates in July 2023

Categories: Optical Illusion

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