National Flag Day 2023: National Flag Day is celebrated on July 22 of each year. It is a reminder of India’s journey towards becoming a sovereign nation and a beacon of hope for millions of people, fostering a sense of patriotism and unity among its diverse population.
Twinkle Updated: Jul 22, 2023 11:41 IST
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National Flag Day 2023: The National Flag of India remains a symbol of India’s rich cultural heritage, its tough struggle for freedom and its people’s aspirations for a united and prosperous nation. National Flag Day is celebrated annually on July 22 to celebrate the adoption of the tricolor designed by Pingali Vekayya as the flag of India.
National Flag Day 2023: Why is Flag Day celebrated in India on July 22?
List of interesting facts about National Flag Day of India
- On August 7, 1906, the first Indian flag was raised in Calcutta’s Parsi Bagan Square. It included flowers with the words Vande Matram written on them and featured religious elements. It featured three stripes: green at the top, yellow in the middle, and red at the bottom.
- The national flag of India has a unique tricolor design consisting of three horizontal stripes: saffron at the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom. Saffron represents courage and sacrifice, white symbolizes peace and truth, while green means fertility, growth and auspiciousness.
- In the center of the white stripe, there is a navy blue Ashoka Chakra with 24 spokes. It represents the Wheel of Dharma (the Buddha’s teachings) and signifies the progress of the nation.
- The design of the Indian national flag was conceptualized by Pingali Venkayya, an Indian freedom fighter, and was first designed in 1921 during the Swadeshi Movement against British colonial rule.
- The Indian national flag is flown on public buildings, government offices, schools and universities across India. It is also hoisted at Independence Day (August 15) and Republic Day (January 26) ceremonies.
- The Flag Code of India governs the proper display and use of the national flag of India. Establishes rules and regulations regarding its dimensions, hoisting and handling to show respect and dignity.
- The Indian national flag is usually made of khadi, a hand-spun and woven fabric, to symbolize the importance of rural self-reliance and support for indigenous industries.
- One of the largest Indian flags in the world is flown on the India-Pakistan border, at the Attari-Wagah border crossing. It measures 110 meters long and 24 meters wide.
- On August 16, 1947, after India gained independence, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the Indian national flag for the first time over the Council House in New Delhi.
- When the nation is mourning the death of a prominent leader or dignitary, the national flag of India flies at half-mast as a sign of respect and mourning.
- The Lion Capital of Ashoka, which features prominently on the national emblem of India, is taken from the Lion Capital of Sarnath and is inspired by the Ashoka Chakra of the national flag of India.
- On May 29, 1953, the Indian national flag flew atop Mount Everest along with the Union Jack and the Nepalese national flag.
National Flag Day of India is an important and revered celebration that celebrates the embodiment of India’s sovereignty, heritage and unity – the National Flag of India. The day pays homage to the visionaries and freedom fighters who painstakingly crafted this iconic emblem during the Swadeshi Movement, infusing it with the spirit of independence and national pride. Observed with utmost reverence and adherence to the Flag Code, it encourages all Indians to uphold the principles of unity, integrity and respect for the tricolor, honor the sacrifices of the past and march towards a brighter and more united future.
Important days and dates in July 2023