World Hypertension Day 2023: Check Theme, Significance, Signs and Risks of Hypertension

World Hypertension Day (WHD) 2023: This year’s theme raises awareness about the importance of accurately measuring blood pressure. The main objective of celebrating the day is to educate people and create awareness about hypertension and its effects on the body. Some of the main causes of hypertension in young people are high levels of stress, obesity, poor eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle. Prolonged hypertension is also said to put a person at higher risk of various medical conditions such as chronic kidney disease, stroke, heart failure, etc.

Never neglect high blood pressure or just a headache, hypertension can lead to a serious health crisis. It is necessary to raise awareness about the disease of hypertension, its causes and prevention

World Hypertension Day is celebrated annually by the World Hypertension League (WHL) on May 17 to raise awareness about the disease of hypertension, its prevention, detection and control. The main risk factor for developing cardiovascular diseases is high blood pressure.

WHD was first opened in May 2005. Basically, it is a condition of high blood pressure and causes various health problems like heart disease and stroke. In high blood pressure, the force on the arteries is greater and there are usually no signs or symptoms. This day encourages citizens of all countries to prevent and control it. Hypertension is also known as a silent killer, the modern epidemic.

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World Hypertension Day 2023: Theme

World Hypertension Day 2023 will be celebrated with last year’s theme “Measure your blood pressure accurately, control it, and live longer.” There is no official announcement for any new tracks as of yet.

The theme of World Hypertension Day 2022 is “Measure your blood pressure accurately, control it and live longer.” The theme focuses on combating low awareness rates around the world, primarily in low- and middle-income areas, and on accurate blood pressure measurement methods. The main goal is to increase awareness of high blood pressure (BP) in all populations around the world and also focus on accurate BP measurement.

The theme of World Hypertension Day 2020 was “Measure your blood pressure, control it, live longer.” The theme focuses on increasing awareness of high blood pressure (BP) in all populations around the world.

The theme of World Hypertension Day 2019 was “Know your numbers.” We tell you that in 2019, WHL together with the International Hypertension Society (ISH) promoted May Measurement Month (MMM).

Did you know that high blood pressure or hypertension is the main risk factor for cardiovascular disease? Therefore, in 2002, the World Health Organization (WHO) named it “the number one cause of death” in the World Health Report. Furthermore, the risk of having a stroke is said to be four times greater and the risk of myocardial infarction (a heart attack) is said to be two times greater if blood pressure is high compared to normal blood pressure.

About hypertension

Nowadays, with such a busy life, people do not have time for themselves and suffer from stress and tension, which further leads to hypertension problems. Hypertension is a type of condition known as high blood pressure.

A person suffering from hypertension damages his health and is not able to concentrate properly on his work. People become insecure in various types of activities.

So we can say that hypertension is another name for high blood pressure which can cause serious complications and also increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and death.

Did you know that blood pressure is the force exerted by blood against the walls of blood vessels? According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the growth of the processed food industry has impacted the amount of salt in diets around the world and this plays a major role in hypertension.

Types of hypertension disease

Hypertension disease is classified into two, namely primary hypertension and secondary hypertension.

Primary hypertension: High blood pressure caused by another condition or disease is called primary or essential hypertension. It can be the result of multiple factors, including blood plasma volume and the activity of hormones that regulate blood volume and pressure. It is also influenced by environmental factors such as stress and lack of exercise.

Secondary hypertension: If high blood pressure is caused by another condition. It has some specific cause and is a complication of another problem. It can be a result of kidney disease, diabetes, pheochromocytoma, which is a rare cancer of the adrenal gland, Cushing’s syndrome, hyperthyroidism, pregnancy, obesity, etc.

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Facts about hypertension


  • Normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 mmHg, but hypertension is greater than 130 over 80 mmHg according to guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA).
  • Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but it can occur on its own or can be a result of an underlying condition such as kidney disease, etc.
  • If hypertension is not controlled, it can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other health problems.
  • Lifestyle is also responsible for high blood pressure.

World Hypertension Day 2023: Everything you need to know about the facts and figures related to hypertension

Hypertension treatment

Blood pressure can be regulated through diet and lifestyle before reaching hypertension. Regular physical exercise should be done. According to doctor-recommended guidelines, people with hypertension should get at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise. People should exercise at least 5 days a week, such as walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming. The medicine also helps reduce high blood pressure, develop strategies to manage inevitable stress, etc.

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Symptoms of hypertension disease

JagranjoshSource: www. we know, this disease is known as a silent killer and a person may not notice any symptoms. But it can cause damage to the cardiovascular system and internal organs such as the kidneys.

Additionally, high blood pressure causes sweating, anxiety, sleeping problems, and blushing. And in a hypertensive crisis, a person may experience headaches and nosebleeds.

Prolonged hypertension can cause atherosclerosis, where plaque formation causes narrowing of blood vessels. This can lead to heart failure, heart attacks, an aneurysm which is an abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery that can burst and cause severe bleeding, kidney failure, stroke, etc.

Caution for hypertension

Preventing high blood pressure, often known as hypertension, can reduce your chances of developing heart disease and stroke, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Among the preventive measures are:

  • To prevent high blood pressure and its problems, eat nutritious meals and snacks between meals.
  • Consider your body weight frequently.
  • Be physically active by spending some of your days walking, working out at the gym, etc.
  • Smoking should be avoided as it increases blood pressure and increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.
  • Don’t drink alcohol.
  • Get 7 to 8 hours of restful sleep each night.

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May Measurement Month (MMM) is a global awareness campaign initiated by the International Society of Hypertension (ISH), which features the world’s leading scientists, physicians, healthcare providers and allied healthcare workers, all with a common interest in hypertension research.

MMM was launched in 2017 to provide people with knowledge about blood pressure and how to reduce the adverse health effects of hypertension.

Did you know that blood pressure is the number one risk factor contributing to strokes, heart attacks and other deadly cardiovascular complications worldwide?

Every year in May, volunteers around the world measure the blood pressure of people in cities, towns and villages as part of MMM. In just 3 years they have measured the blood pressure of more than 4.2 million people. In more than 100 countries, almost 1 million people have been identified with untreated or inadequately treated hypertension. During MMM17, the inaugural year, measured blood pressure exceeded 1.2 million.

According to results published on the eve of World Hypertension Day 2018 in an article in The Lancet Global Health, more than 150,000 people were found to have previously unidentified hypertension and more than 100,000 had appropriately treated hypertension. Last May, MMM team and volunteers reached around 1.5 million people.

Therefore, World Hypertension Day is celebrated annually on May 17 to raise awareness among people about the disease of hypertension, how to prevent it, its types, symptoms and how it can be cured. No doubt, hypertension disease is a silent killer as the symptoms may not come early but can slowly lead to various diseases like kidney disease, heart disease, etc.

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