World Hypertension Day 2023: All You Need To Know About The Facts and Numbers Related To Hypertension

World Hypertension Day 2023: World Hypertension Day is celebrated annually on May 17 around the world. The main objective of celebrating the day is to educate people and create awareness about hypertension and its effects on the body. This year’s theme raises awareness about the importance of accurate blood pressure measurement.

Excessive blood flow into the artery walls is known as hypertension. Blood pressure above 140/90 is normally considered high and above 180/120 is a warning. In many cases, high blood pressure has no symptoms and, if left uncontrolled, can lead to health problems such as heart disease and stroke.

Learn about facts, figures and initiatives from different countries in this article.

General facts and figures about hypertension

  • Worldwide, 1.28 billion people between the ages of 30 and 79 are expected to suffer from hypertension, with the majority (two-thirds) residing in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Adults with hypertension are reportedly 46% less likely to be aware of their disease.
  • Adults with hypertension are only diagnosed and treated in 42% of cases.
  • 21% of people who suffer from hypertension have it under control.
  • Worldwide, hypertension is a key factor in premature death.
  • Reducing the prevalence of hypertension by 33% between 2010 and 2030 is one of the global objectives for non-communicable diseases.

Hypertension in low and middle income countries

Depending on the country and area, the prevalence of hypertension varies. The WHO Americas Region has the lowest prevalence of hypertension (18%) and the WHO African Region has the highest prevalence of hypertension (27%) overall.

Adults with hypertension increased from 594 million in 1975 to 1.13 billion in 2015, with low- and middle-income countries experiencing most of the increase. This increase is primarily due to an increase in hypertension risk factors in these groups.

WHO response to hypertension

In September 2016, WHO and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) established the Global Hearts Initiative, which includes the HEARTS technical package, to help countries improve the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases. The six modules of the HEARTS technical package (healthy lifestyle counseling, evidence-based treatment protocols, access to essential medications and technology, risk-based management, team-based care, and monitoring systems) offer a comprehensive strategy to improve cardiovascular health in all countries. about the world.

India Hypertension Control Initiative

The World Health Organization estimates that non-communicable diseases account for approximately 63% of all deaths in India, and cardiovascular diseases account for 27% of these deaths and affect 45% of adults between 40 and 69 years of age. One of the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases is high blood pressure. Furthermore, it remains poorly controlled as a result of limited knowledge about hypertension, inadequate primary care, and poor follow-up.

By 2025, India wants to have a 25% relative decline in the prevalence of hypertension (high blood pressure). The Indian government established the Indian Hypertension Control Initiative (IHCI) to accelerate treatment services for the country’s 220 million hypertensive citizens.

In India, only 12% of hypertension patients have their blood pressure under control. One of the leading risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart attacks and strokes, is uncontrolled blood pressure, which accounts for one-third of all deaths in India.

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Indian Council of Medical Research, WHO India Office and Resolve to Save Lives collaborated to launch IHCI in November 2017.

Hypertension can lead to several serious diseases, including kidney and heart problems. Therefore, World Hypertension Day is an opportunity to raise awareness about its causes, types, symptoms, treatments and other aspects of the condition.

Source: World Health Organization

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