Top 10 Scholars in India – Know The Brilliant Minds

Top 10 Scholars in India

India has been blessed with numerous brilliant minds who have made remarkable contributions to various fields of knowledge. These top 10 scholars have not only excelled in their respective domains but have also left an indelible mark on the global academic landscape. Here is the list of Top 10 Scholars in India.





Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

The First Law Minister


Dr Rajendra Prasad

The First President of India


Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

The First Vice-president, Second President of India


Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

11th President of India, Missile Man of India


Sarojini Nayudu

The First Lady State Governor, Nightingale of India


Har Govind Khorana

Nobel Prize in Medicine


C.V. Raman

Nobel Prize in Physics


Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Nobel Prize in Chemistry


Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

Nobel Prize in Physics


Kiran Bedi

The First Lady IPS

One of the leading scholars hails from the field of mathematics, making groundbreaking discoveries and revolutionising the way we perceive numbers and patterns. Another renowned scholar has achieved international acclaim for their pioneering research in the field of medicine, particularly in finding innovative solutions to combat diseases.

In the realm of social sciences, one prominent scholar has extensively studied and written about socioeconomic issues, fostering critical discussions on poverty, inequality, and development. Another esteemed scholar has dedicated their life to understanding ancient Indian philosophy and has written extensively on its principles, making significant contributions to the field of philosophy.

Furthermore, India boasts scholars who have excelled in literature, poetry, and the arts, mesmerising audiences with their creative brilliance. These scholars have not only enriched Indian culture but have also garnered international recognition for their exceptional work.

Top Scholars in India

The top 10 scholars in India represent diverse disciplines, ranging from science and technology to humanities and the arts. They have made significant contributions to their respective fields and have been instrumental in shaping the intellectual landscape of India and the world. Their relentless pursuit of knowledge, passion for their subjects, and dedication to excellence have earned them admiration and respect from peers and scholars alike.


1. Dr B R Ambedkar (The First Law Minister)

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as B. R. Ambedkar, was born on April 14, 1891. He was a jurist, social reformer, and politician who dedicated his life to the upliftment of marginalised sections of Indian society. Dr. Ambedkar played a pivotal role in drafting the Indian Constitution and was appointed as the first Law Minister of independent India.

Dr. Ambedkar’s brilliance as a scholar was evident from an early age. He earned multiple degrees, including a law degree from the University of Mumbai and a Ph.D. in economics from Columbia University. His seminal work, “The Annihilation of Caste,” challenged the discriminatory caste system prevalent in India and remains a cornerstone of social reform.

Apart from his academic accomplishments, Dr. Ambedkar was a relentless advocate for social justice and equality. He championed the rights of Dalits (formerly known as “untouchables”) and worked towards eradicating caste-based discrimination. Dr. Ambedkar’s efforts led to the inclusion of fundamental rights and safeguards for marginalised communities in the Indian Constitution.

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s profound impact on Indian society continues to resonate. He remains an iconic figure, and his contributions to law, social reform, and the empowerment of marginalised communities have left an indelible mark on India’s history.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

2. Dr Rajendra Prasad (The First President of India)

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, born on December 3, 1884, was an eminent scholar and a key figure in the Indian independence movement. He played a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s destiny and became the first President of India when the country adopted the republican form of government in 1950. Dr. Prasad was a brilliant academic, known for his exceptional command over multiple languages, including English, Hindi, and Sanskrit.

Apart from his political achievements, Dr. Prasad was a distinguished scholar. He earned his doctorate in law from Allahabad University and went on to teach at various educational institutions. Dr. Prasad’s deep-rooted belief in social justice and equal opportunities for all led him to actively participate in the national movement against the British Raj. His contributions to the framing of the Indian Constitution as the President of the Constituent Assembly were remarkable.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad’s legacy as a scholar and statesman is profound. He received several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1962. His commitment to democratic values, intellectual prowess, and unwavering dedication to public service continue to inspire generations of Indians.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

3. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan (The First Vice-president, Second President of India)

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, born on September 5, 1888, was a prominent philosopher, academician, and statesman. He served as the first Vice-President of India from 1952 to 1962 and later became the second President of India from 1962 to 1967. Dr. Radhakrishnan was renowned for his deep knowledge of Indian philosophy and his ability to bridge the gap between Eastern and Western philosophical traditions.

Prior to his political career, Dr. Radhakrishnan held various academic positions. He taught philosophy at prestigious institutions like the University of Mysore and the University of Oxford, where he made significant contributions to the understanding of Indian philosophy. His book “Indian Philosophy” is considered a classic in the field.

Dr. Radhakrishnan’s scholarly pursuits were not limited to academia. His role in shaping India’s educational policies was instrumental, and he advocated for the importance of education in fostering a progressive society. He received numerous accolades during his lifetime, including the Bharat Ratna in 1954.

Dr. S. Radhakrishnan’s legacy as a scholar and statesman is unparalleled. His intellectual depth, commitment to education, and promotion of cultural understanding continue to inspire people around the world.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

4. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam (11th President of India, Missile Man of India)

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, also known as the Missile Man of India, was an eminent scientist and the 11th President of India. Born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, he made significant contributions to India’s space and defence programs. Dr Kalam played a crucial role in the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology, earning him the title “Missile Man.”

With a brilliant academic record, Dr Kalam pursued a career in aerospace engineering. He played a pivotal role in the development of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) and the operationalization of strategic missiles. His remarkable leadership as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister from 1992 to 1999 further strengthened India’s defence capabilities.

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 and served in this esteemed position until 2007. During his presidency, he focused on youth development, education, and promoting scientific research. Dr Kalam was a great advocate for harnessing technology for national development and inspired millions of young minds with his vision and dedication. His contributions to science, education, and the nation are widely recognized, making him an iconic figure in Indian history.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

5. Sarojini Naidu (The First Lady State Governor, Nightingale of India)

Sarojini Naidu, often referred to as the Nightingale of India, was a prominent freedom fighter, poet, and politician. Born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad, she played a significant role in the Indian independence movement and was one of the leading figures of the Nationalist Movement.

Sarojini Naidu’s exceptional poetic skills earned her the title “Nightingale of India.” Her poems reflected themes of patriotism, social issues, and women’s empowerment. Her contribution to literature and poetry left an indelible mark in Indian literature, making her one of the most celebrated poets of her time.

Besides her literary prowess, Sarojini Naidu was actively involved in politics. She was the first woman to be appointed the President of the Indian National Congress and served as the Governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh). Sarojini Naidu’s leadership and commitment to the country’s freedom struggle, along with her poetic brilliance, continue to inspire generations.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

6. Har Govind Khorana (Nobel Prize in Medicine)

Har Govind Khorana was an Indian-American biochemist and molecular biologist who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1968. Born on January 9, 1922, in Raipur, Punjab (now in Pakistan), Khorana made groundbreaking contributions to deciphering the genetic code and understanding the role of nucleotides in protein synthesis.

Khorana’s research on the synthesis of proteins led to the elucidation of the genetic code, particularly how the sequence of nucleotides in DNA determines the sequence of amino acids in proteins. His pioneering work opened up new avenues in the field of molecular biology and laid the foundation for subsequent advancements in genetic engineering and synthetic biology.

In recognition of his remarkable achievements, Khorana was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968, along with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley. This prestigious honour highlighted the significance of Khorana’s work in understanding the fundamental principles of life at the molecular level.

Har Govind Khorana’s contributions to genetics and molecular biology have had a profound impact on scientific research and have paved the way for numerous medical and biotechnological advancements. His groundbreaking discoveries continue to inspire and shape the field of molecular biology to this day.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

7. C. V. Raman (Nobel Prize in Physics)

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, commonly known as C. V. Raman, was an eminent Indian physicist who made significant contributions to the field of light scattering. Born on November 7, 1888, in Thiruvanaikoil, Tamil Nadu, Raman displayed exceptional scientific curiosity from a young age. In 1930, he became the first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his groundbreaking discovery known as the “Raman Effect.”

Raman’s discovery involved the scattering of light by molecules, which provided evidence for the existence of vibrational energy levels in molecules. This finding revolutionized the understanding of light-matter interactions and had profound implications for various scientific disciplines. Raman’s work laid the foundation for Raman spectroscopy, an analytical technique widely used in physics, chemistry, and biology.

Apart from his groundbreaking research, Raman served as the Director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, where he nurtured scientific research and education. He also played a crucial role in establishing the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore, which continues to be a prominent centre for scientific research in India.

Raman’s contributions to science and his relentless pursuit of knowledge make him an iconic figure in India’s scientific community. His work continues to inspire generations of scientists and serves as a testament to India’s rich scientific heritage.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

8. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Nobel Prize in Chemistry)

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, born on September 29, 1952, in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, is an eminent Indian-born American structural biologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009. Ramakrishnan’s pioneering work focused on unravelling the structure and function of ribosomes, the molecular machines responsible for protein synthesis within cells.

Using X-ray crystallography, Ramakrishnan and his team successfully determined the detailed structure of the ribosome, providing crucial insights into its molecular mechanisms. This breakthrough not only deepened our understanding of fundamental cellular processes but also opened up new avenues for developing antibiotics targeting bacterial ribosomes.

Ramakrishnan’s scientific journey took him from India to the United States, where he pursued his research at prestigious institutions such as Yale University and the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, UK. He is currently affiliated with the Medical Research Council (MRC) Laboratory of Molecular Biology.

In addition to his Nobel Prize, Ramakrishnan has received numerous other accolades for his exceptional contributions to structural biology. He remains a prominent figure in the scientific community and actively advocates for scientific research and education.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

9. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar (Nobel Prize in Physics)

Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, born on October 19, 1910, in Lahore, British India (now Pakistan), was a renowned Indian-American astrophysicist who made significant contributions to our understanding of stellar evolution and black holes. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983 for his groundbreaking theoretical work on the physical processes that govern the structure and evolution of stars.

Chandrasekhar’s most notable contribution, known as the “Chandrasekhar limit,” involves the understanding of white dwarfs and their ultimate fate. He showed that a star’s mass cannot exceed a certain critical limit, now called the Chandrasekhar limit, without collapsing under its own gravitational pull and forming a black hole or a neutron star.

Throughout his career, Chandrasekhar held prestigious positions at institutions such as the University of Chicago and the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He authored several influential books and research papers that continue to shape the field of astrophysics.

Chandrasekhar’s work has had a profound impact on our understanding of the cosmos, and his insights into stellar evolution have paved the way for further advancements in the field. He remains an inspiration to aspiring astrophysicists and is recognized as one of the greatest scientific minds of the 20th century.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

10. Kiran Bedi (The First Lady IPS)

Kiran Bedi, born on June 9, 1949, in Amritsar, Punjab, is a distinguished Indian police officer, social activist, and former tennis player. She holds the distinction of being India’s first female Indian Police Service (IPS) officer, breaking barriers and paving the way for women in law enforcement.

Bedi’s remarkable career in the police force spanned over 35 years, during which she served in various roles and tackled significant challenges with utmost dedication. She earned a reputation for her fearless approach towards crime and corruption and implemented innovative methods to reform the prison system.

Apart from her police career, Bedi has been actively involved in social activism and has championed causes related to education, women’s empowerment, and anti-corruption. She has received numerous awards and recognition for her exceptional contributions to society.

Kiran Bedi’s achievements and relentless pursuit of justice have made her an influential figure in India. Her commitment to public service and her advocacy for social change continue to inspire countless individuals, especially women, to strive for excellence and work towards a better society.

Top 10 Scholars in India - Know The Brilliant Minds

No.1 Scholar in the World

Undoubtedly, the No. 1 scholar in the world is Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb. His exceptional accomplishments and contributions have solidified his position as the foremost scholar globally. Dr. Ambedkar holds the distinction of being the first person from South Asia to pursue a PhD in Economics, marking a significant milestone in academic history.

Born on April 14th, 1891, to Ramji Maloji Sakpal, Dr. Ambedkar’s journey is one of remarkable achievements and profound impact. His dedication to education and scholarly pursuits led him to Columbia University, where he attained his impressive academic credentials. He is widely recognized as a leading figure in social sciences and has been honoured with the prestigious Bharat Ratna award.

Dr. Ambedkar’s profound influence extends beyond academia. His vision and tireless efforts have played a crucial role in shaping the social, political, and economic landscape of India. As an advocate for social justice and equality, he championed the rights of marginalised communities and fought against discrimination, particularly the caste system prevalent in India.

His remarkable legacy continues to inspire generations, as his teachings and ideologies are celebrated worldwide. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s intellectual brilliance, pioneering research, and unwavering commitment to social reform have rightfully earned him the title of the No. 1 scholar in the world, as recognized by Columbia University and numerous other esteemed institutions.

Top Indian Scholars

The top 10 scholars in India represent a diverse range of disciplines and have left an indelible mark on their respective fields. These scholars have not only achieved remarkable accomplishments but have also contributed significantly to the intellectual landscape of India and the world.

From the field of law and social reform, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar stands out for his role in drafting the Indian Constitution and his tireless efforts to fight against caste-based discrimination. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, made significant contributions to the framing of the Indian Constitution and played a crucial role in shaping the nation’s destiny. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, a prominent philosopher, bridged the gap between Eastern and Western philosophical traditions and made invaluable contributions to Indian philosophy.

In the field of science and technology, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, known as the Missile Man of India, made remarkable advancements in missile technology and served as the 11th President of India. Har Govind Khorana, a Nobel laureate, contributed to the decoding of the genetic code, while C.V. Raman, another Nobel laureate, revolutionised the understanding of light scattering.

In literature and poetry, Sarojini Naidu, the Nightingale of India, left an indelible mark with her exceptional poetry, and Kiran Bedi, the first lady IPS officer, broke barriers in law enforcement and continues to inspire through her commitment to public service.

The contributions of Venkatraman Ramakrishnan in the field of structural biology and Subramanyan Chandrasekhar in astrophysics have had a profound impact on their respective disciplines, earning them Nobel Prizes and international recognition.

These top 10 scholars embody the spirit of intellectual pursuit, excellence, and social impact. Their contributions continue to inspire generations, and their names will forever be remembered in the annals of Indian scholarship

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