Smallest County in Kenya – Top 10 Kenya’s Petite Gem

Top 10 Smallest County in Kenya

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Smallest County in Kenya

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Smallest County in Kenya

The smallest county in Kenya is Mombasa County. Located on the southeastern coast of the country, Mombasa County covers an area of 212.5 square kilometers. Despite its relatively small size, Mombasa County holds great significance as it is not only a popular tourist destination but also a major economic and cultural hub in Kenya. The county is known for its stunning coastal landscapes, rich history, and vibrant city life in its capital, Mombasa city. Mombasa County is a melting pot of diverse cultures, making it a unique and dynamic part of Kenya’s cultural tapestry.


1. Mombasa (212.5)

Mombasa County, the smallest county in Kenya by land area, is located on the southeastern coast of the country, overlooking the Indian Ocean. It holds immense historical and cultural significance as it has been a key trade and cultural center for centuries. The county’s capital, also named Mombasa, is Kenya’s second-largest city and the country’s main coastal gateway. Mombasa is known for its picturesque white sandy beaches, including Diani Beach and Nyali Beach, which attract tourists from all over the world. The county’s history is deeply rooted in the Swahili culture, with historic landmarks like Fort Jesus, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, showcasing its rich past as a center for trade and colonial influence. Mombasa is also a hub of economic activity, with a bustling port that serves as a vital trade link for Kenya and neighboring landlocked countries.

2. Vihiga (531.3)

Vihiga County is situated in the western part of Kenya, in the former Western Province. It is known for its lush green landscapes, fertile soil, and agricultural activities. The county’s capital is Mbale, a town that serves as a central point for administrative and commercial activities in the region. Agriculture is the backbone of Vihiga County’s economy, with the majority of the population engaged in farming activities, particularly the cultivation of maize, sugarcane, and dairy farming. The county is also home to the Luhya community, one of Kenya’s largest ethnic groups, and it celebrates their vibrant cultural traditions, including music, dance, and festivals. While Vihiga County is not as well-known as some of Kenya’s tourist destinations, its serene countryside, friendly communities, and cultural heritage make it an interesting place to explore for those seeking a quieter and more authentic Kenyan experience.

3. Nairobi (694.9)

Nairobi County is not only the capital of Kenya but also one of its 47 counties. It is unique in that it serves as both a county and a city, making it the country’s political, economic, and cultural epicenter. Nairobi, the capital city, is a bustling metropolis known for its skyscrapers, modern infrastructure, and vibrant urban life. The city is home to numerous multinational corporations, international organizations, and diplomatic missions, earning it the nickname “The Green City in the Sun.” Nairobi National Park, located just outside the city, offers a unique blend of wildlife and urbanity, allowing residents and visitors to witness wildlife against the backdrop of the city skyline. Nairobi County is also renowned for its cultural diversity, with residents from various Kenyan ethnic groups and a thriving arts and music scene. It is a city of contrasts, where modernity and tradition coexist, making it a fascinating and dynamic place to explore in Kenya.

4. Nyamira (912.5)

Nyamira County is one of the 47 counties in Kenya, situated in the southwestern region of the country. With an area of 912.5 square kilometers, it is relatively small in size compared to some other Kenyan counties, but it boasts a rich cultural heritage and a unique landscape. The county’s capital is also named Nyamira. Nyamira is known for its lush green hills, making it an agriculturally productive area. The county’s economy primarily relies on agriculture, with tea and banana farming being prominent. The landscape is dotted with tea plantations, which contribute significantly to the county’s revenue and employment opportunities.

In addition to agriculture, Nyamira County is home to various cultural festivals and traditions that celebrate the heritage of the Abagusii people, the predominant ethnic group in the region. These cultural events showcase traditional music, dance, and ceremonies that have been passed down through generations. The county also has a relatively high literacy rate, which reflects its commitment to education and development. Nyamira County offers a serene and scenic environment for visitors and residents alike, with opportunities for nature lovers and cultural enthusiasts to explore and appreciate the beauty and traditions of this unique part of Kenya.

5. Kirinyaga (1,205.4)

Kirinyaga County, with an area of 1,205.4 square kilometers, is located in the central region of Kenya. Its capital is Kerugoya, and the county is renowned for its picturesque landscapes, fertile farmlands, and cultural significance. The county is often referred to as the “Switzerland of Kenya” due to its rolling hills and breathtaking scenery. Kirinyaga is primarily an agricultural region, known for its coffee and tea plantations, which are among the best in Kenya. The fertile soil and favorable climate make it ideal for the cultivation of these cash crops.

Aside from agriculture, Kirinyaga County is home to several cultural sites and traditions. It is inhabited by the Kikuyu people, one of Kenya’s largest ethnic groups, and their cultural practices, music, and dances are an integral part of the county’s identity. The county also hosts various cultural events and festivals throughout the year, providing an opportunity for visitors to immerse themselves in the rich traditions of the Kikuyu people. Kirinyaga County offers a unique blend of natural beauty and cultural heritage, making it a captivating destination for both tourists and researchers interested in Kenya’s diverse cultural and agricultural landscapes.

6. Kisii (1,317.9)

Kisii County, covering an area of 1,317.9 square kilometers, is situated in the southwestern part of Kenya. The county’s eponymous capital, Kisii, is a bustling urban center and serves as the administrative and economic hub of the region. Kisii County is known for its undulating hills and fertile land, making it an agricultural powerhouse in Kenya. Tea and coffee farming, as well as the cultivation of bananas and maize, are the mainstays of the local economy. The county’s rich agricultural output contributes significantly to Kenya’s overall food and export industry.

Kisii County is also home to the Gusii people, who have a vibrant cultural heritage. Traditional ceremonies, music, and dance are integral parts of their social fabric, and these customs are often showcased during weddings, festivals, and other communal gatherings. The county’s residents take great pride in their cultural identity and are known for their warmth and hospitality. Kisii County offers a blend of agricultural productivity, cultural richness, and a welcoming community, making it a compelling destination for those interested in exploring both Kenya’s agricultural heartland and its diverse cultural tapestry.

7. Busia (1,628.4)

Busia County is situated in western Kenya, bordering Uganda to the west. Its capital is Busia town, which serves as a major commercial and administrative center. The county is characterized by lush green landscapes and a predominantly rural population engaged in agriculture. The local economy relies heavily on farming, with maize, sugarcane, and millet being some of the primary crops grown in the region. The county is also known for its vibrant cross-border trade with Uganda, facilitated by the Busia border post. Lake Victoria, which forms part of Busia County’s southern border, provides opportunities for fishing and water-based activities. Busia County is home to various ethnic communities, with the Luhya being the largest. The county’s rich cultural diversity is celebrated through traditional festivals and events, making it a fascinating place to explore Kenya’s heritage.

8. Bomet (1,997.9)

Bomet County, located in the southwestern region of Kenya, is known for its picturesque landscapes, including rolling hills and fertile farmlands. The county’s capital is Bomet town. Agriculture plays a central role in the local economy, with tea, coffee, maize, and horticultural crops being key agricultural products. Bomet County is part of the larger Rift Valley region and is home to several indigenous communities, including the Kipsigis, who are the dominant ethnic group. The county’s lush tea estates and scenic viewpoints, such as the Kericho Tea Plantations, attract tourists and offer breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside. Additionally, Bomet is known for its education sector, with various schools and institutions of higher learning contributing to the county’s intellectual and cultural development.

9. Kisumu (2,009.5)

Kisumu County, situated in western Kenya, is known as the “Lakeside City” due to its prime location along the shores of Lake Victoria. The county’s capital and largest city is Kisumu city, which is the third-largest urban center in Kenya. Kisumu is a vital economic and transportation hub, serving as a gateway to East African countries like Uganda and Tanzania. Fishing is a significant industry in the county, thanks to its proximity to Lake Victoria, and the city also hosts a bustling port. Kisumu County is culturally diverse, with a mix of Luo, Luhya, and other ethnic communities, each contributing to the area’s vibrant cultural heritage. The county is known for its cultural festivals, including the annual Luo Festival, which celebrates the traditions and heritage of the Luo people.

10. Bungoma (2,206.9)

Bungoma County, located in western Kenya, is known for its scenic beauty, agricultural activities, and cultural richness. The county’s capital is Bungoma town, a bustling center for trade and commerce. Agriculture is the backbone of Bungoma’s economy, with maize, sugarcane, and bananas being primary crops grown in the fertile lands. The county is home to diverse ethnic groups, with the Bukusu and Tachoni being the largest communities. Bungoma County hosts cultural festivals and events that showcase the traditions and folklore of its people. The county is also known for the Chetambe Hills, which offer panoramic views of the surrounding countryside. Additionally, Bungoma County is part of the larger Western Kenya region, making it a significant cultural and economic contributor to the area.

What are the Primary Industries or Economic Activities in the County?

The primary industries or economic activities in a county can vary depending on its geographical location, natural resources, and the skills and preferences of its population. Here, I’ll provide a general overview of the primary industries or economic activities that are commonly found in many counties around the world.

Agriculture: Agriculture is a fundamental economic activity in most counties, contributing to food production and livelihoods. Counties often engage in the cultivation of crops such as maize, wheat, rice, soybeans, and various fruits and vegetables. Livestock farming, including dairy, poultry, and cattle ranching, is another crucial aspect of agriculture.

Manufacturing: Many counties have manufacturing sectors that produce a wide range of goods, including machinery, electronics, textiles, food products, and chemicals. Manufacturing contributes to job creation and adds value to raw materials produced within the county or imported from elsewhere.

Tourism: In counties with attractive natural landscapes, historical sites, or cultural heritage, tourism can be a significant economic driver. Counties may promote tourism through hotels, restaurants, recreational activities, and guided tours.

Mining and Natural Resources: Counties with abundant mineral deposits or natural resources often engage in mining activities. This can include the extraction of minerals like gold, coal, iron ore, or oil and gas. Timber logging and forestry are also common in regions with extensive forests.

Services: The service sector encompasses a broad range of economic activities, including retail, healthcare, education, finance, and professional services. In many counties, the service sector is a major contributor to economic growth and employment.

Construction and Real Estate: The construction industry is essential for developing infrastructure, housing, and commercial buildings. Counties often have construction companies, real estate agencies, and related businesses that contribute to urban development.

Transport and Logistics: Counties located near transportation hubs or major trade routes may have a thriving transport and logistics sector. This includes shipping, warehousing, trucking, and other services that facilitate the movement of goods and people.

Technology and Innovation: In the modern era, technology and innovation sectors are becoming increasingly important in many counties. These sectors encompass information technology, software development, research and development, and startups.

Fishing and Aquaculture: In counties located near rivers, lakes, or coastal areas, fishing and aquaculture can be vital economic activities. This sector involves the cultivation of fish, shellfish, and other aquatic species for both domestic consumption and export.

Renewable Energy: As environmental concerns grow, some counties focus on renewable energy production, including wind, solar, and hydropower generation. These activities contribute to sustainable development and reduced reliance on fossil fuels.

It’s important to note that the specific economic activities in a county can vary widely based on its unique circumstances and resources. Additionally, counties often diversify their economic activities to reduce dependence on a single industry and promote overall stability and resilience

Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.

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