Kargil Vijay Diwas 2023: Kargil Vijay Diwas pays tribute to the soldiers who fought in extremely challenging conditions, fighting against hostile terrain and adverse weather to defend the sovereignty of the nation.
Kargil Vijay Diwas 2023: Kargil Vijay Diwas marks every year the victory of Indian soldiers in capturing the mountain heights that were occupied by the Pakistani army. Pakistani forces, disguised as militants, infiltrated the Indian side of the Line of Control (LoC). It marked a significant escalation in tensions between the two nuclear-armed nations. India responded with a military operation to drive back the intruders. The war saw intense battles at high altitudes and both sides suffered significant casualties.
Defense Minister Rajnath Singh paid tribute to the soldiers who lost their lives in the 1999 India-Pakistan conflict by attending the Kargil Battle Memorial on Wednesday.
On the occasion of Kargil Vijay Diwas, Prime Minister Narendra Modi also paid tributes to the martyrs of the Kargil war. According to Shri Modi, Kargil Vijay Diwas highlights the epic story of the noble Indian Bravehearts, who will always serve as an example to their fellow citizens.
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More information के लिए सदैव प ्रेरणाशक्ति बने रहेंगे। इस विशेष दिवस पर मैं उनका हृदय से नमन और वंदन क रत हूं। जय हिंद!
-Narendra Modi (@narendramodi)
July 26, 2023
आज कारगिल विजय दिवस के गौरवशाली अवसर पर सभी दे शवास ी हमारे सशस्त्र बलों के असाधारण पराक्रम से अर्जित की गई विजय को याद करते हैं। दरके वि जय का मार्ग प्रशस्त करने वाले सेनानियों को ए क क ृतज्ञ राष्ट्र की ओर से मैं श्रद्धांजलि देती हू ं और उनकी…
— President of India (@rashtrapatibhvn)
July 26, 2023
More information अर्प ित करने का दिन है जिन्होंने आसमान से भी ऊइ च ौस ले और पर्वत जैसे फौलादी दृढ़ निश्चय से अपनी मा भूमि के कण-कण की रक्षा की। … pic.twitter.com/iv7RlROfkg
– Amit Shah (@AmitShah)
July 26, 2023
Here he will lay a wreath at the Kargil War Memorial and pay tribute to the soldiers who lost their lives in the 1999 Kargil War. pic.twitter.com/wF12A6plwy
— AIN (@ANI)
July 26, 2023
In #KargilVijayDiwasI pay tribute to those brave souls of our great nation who laid down their lives during the KARGIL War. I am filled with deep respect and admiration for the incomparable bravery and valor of our soldiers who gave the most appropriate lessons to the enemies while… pic.twitter.com/4iVuD19rpe
– Kiren Rijiju (@KirenRijiju)
July 26, 2023
527 Bravehearts sacrificed their lives to dislodge the enemy from the icy peaks of Kargil twenty-four years ago, and more than 1,300 soldiers were injured.
The best way to pay tribute to them is to be a good citizen, a citizen worth dying for. Jai Hind 🇮🇳
– Lt. Gen. Satish Dua 🇮🇳 (@TheSatishDua)
July 26, 2023
The conflict between India and Pakistan had significant regional and international implications and ultimately resulted in India regaining control of previously occupied territory. It is important to note that the Kargil War involved a combination of conventional warfare, mountain warfare and aerial combat. Some of the weapons used in the Kargil War included:
- Small Arms: Infantry units used rifles, machine guns, and other small arms for close combat.
- Artillery: Both sides deployed various types of artillery, including howitzers and mortars, for long-range bombardment of enemy positions.
- Tanks: Tanks were used by armored units to provide firepower and support during offensive operations.
- Rockets and Missiles: Rocket launchers and short-range missiles were used for precise strikes against enemy positions.
- Helicopters: Both sides used helicopters for troop transport, reconnaissance, and close air support.
- Fighter aircraft: The Indian Air Force and Pakistan Air Force engaged in aerial combat, using fighter aircraft such as the MiG-21, MiG-29, Mirage 2000 (India) and F-16 (Pakistan).
- Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs): Both countries used unmanned aerial vehicles for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) purposes.
- Anti-aircraft guns: Anti-aircraft guns were used to defend against enemy aircraft.
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Weapons in the Kargil wars
Bofors FH-77B field howitzer
Bofors designed and produced a Swedish 155 mm howitzer known as the Fälthaubits 77 or FH77. In India, it is also informally known as Bofors gun. There were numerous variations, including the original (also known as the Haubits 77 A) with a 38 barrel caliber with a sliding block mechanism and the export variant FH77 B with a 39 barrel caliber and an interrupted ogival screw breech.
The Mikoyan MiG-27 is a variable sweep ground attack aircraft that was first developed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union and later produced under license in India by Hindustan Aeronautics as Bahadur (“Valiant”) . It is based on the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 fighter aircraft but has been modified for air-to-ground combat.
In the Soviet Union, a twin-engine fighter aircraft called the Mikoyan MiG-29 was created. The MiG-29 and the larger Sukhoi Su-27 were created by the Mikoyan design bureau as air dominance fighters in the 1970s to compete with emerging American fighters such as the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle and the General Dynamics F-15. 16 Fighting Falcon. In 1983, the MiG-29 was first used by the Soviet Air Forces.
The Dassault Mirage 2000 is a French fourth-generation multirole fighter aircraft built by Dassault Aviation, with a single engine. It was created as a light fighter in the late 1970s to replace the Mirage III of the French Air Force. With the development of multiple modifications and sales in several countries, the Mirage 2000 evolved into a multi-role aircraft. It was later upgraded to create the Mirage 2000-5, the Mirage 2000N and 2000D attack variants, and many export variants. Nine countries have used it in service and more than 600 aircraft have been produced.
Laser guided bombs
A guided bomb called a laser-guided bomb (LGB) is more accurate than an unguided bomb in hitting a target because it uses semi-active laser guidance. Laser-guided bombs were initially created by the United States during the Vietnam War, and immediately demonstrated their usefulness in hitting challenging point targets with pinpoint accuracy. These weapons track targets that are identified by lasers, typically in the infrared spectrum, and employ onboard electronics to modify their glide path to accurately hit the target.
A guided bomb called a laser-guided bomb (LGB) is more accurate than an unguided bomb in hitting a target because it uses semi-active laser guidance. Laser-guided bombs were initially created by the United States during the Vietnam War, and immediately demonstrated their usefulness in hitting challenging point targets with pinpoint accuracy. These weapons track targets that are identified by laser and use onboard electronic devices to modify their glide path and hit the target accurately.
INSAS, SAF Carbine, AK-47
Source: firearms blogs
Infantry weapons belonging to the INSAS family include an assault rifle and a light machine gun (LMG). The Ordnance Facilities Board produced these weapons at its various facilities after they were created by the Indian Armament Research and Development Establishment.
The SAF carbine is a compact, lightweight semi-automatic rifle used by the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). It is known for its reliability, ease of use and versatility in various combat situations. The carbine is noted for its accuracy and is widely used by Singaporean military personnel.
The 7.6239mm cartridge is chambered in the gas-powered assault rifle known as the AK-47 or Avtomat Kalashnikova. It is the original weapon of the Kalashnikov family of rifles, created in the Soviet Union by Russian small arms designer Mikhail Kalashnikov.
This year marks the 24th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas. The day pays tribute to the bravery, sacrifice and dedication of the Indian Armed Forces who displayed exceptional valor during the Kargil War of 1999. Kargil Vijay Diwas also serves as a reminder of the importance of national unity and the need for stand firm against any threats to the country’s security.
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