Endangered Animals in India – Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

Endangered Animals in India

India is home to a rich biodiversity, encompassing numerous species of animals that face the perilous threat of extinction. The subcontinent’s diverse landscapes, from dense forests to sprawling grasslands, provide habitats for a wide array of fascinating creatures. However, human activities, habitat loss, poaching, and climate change have pushed many of these animals to the brink of extinction. Here is the list of Top 10 Endangered species in India.



Scientific Name


Bengal Tiger

Panthera tigris tigris


Asiatic Lion

Panthera leo persica


Snow Leopard

Panthera uncia


One-horned Rhinoceros

Rhinoceros unicornis



Antilope cervicapra


Lion-tailed Macaque

Macaca silenus


Resplendent Tree Frog

Rhacophorus resplendens


Kashmiri Red Stag

Cervus elaphus hanglu


Nilgiri Tahr

Nilgiritragus hylocrius


Indian Bison (Gaur)

Bos gaurus

The plight of endangered animals in India highlights the urgent need for conservation efforts to protect these remarkable creatures and maintain the delicate balance of our ecosystems. From majestic mammals to elusive reptiles and captivating avian species, India’s endangered animals hold immense ecological, cultural, and scientific significance.

These animals play vital roles in maintaining the health and stability of their respective habitats. Each species, no matter how small or inconspicuous, contributes to the intricate web of life, ensuring the survival of other organisms within their ecosystems. Furthermore, many of these animals are emblematic of India’s rich natural heritage, representing the country’s deep-rooted connection with its wildlife.

Join us on a journey to explore the diverse and endangered animals of India, and discover the urgent need to protect these unique and irreplaceable treasures of our natural world.

Top 10 Endangered Animals in India

Preserving the endangered animals of India requires collaborative efforts involving government initiatives, conservation organisations, local communities, and concerned individuals. By raising awareness, implementing stringent wildlife protection laws, establishing protected areas, and promoting sustainable practices, we can strive towards safeguarding these incredible creatures for future generations.


1. Bengal Tiger – Panthera Tigris Tigris

The Bengal Tiger, scientifically known as Panthera tigris tigris, is one of the most iconic and endangered species in India. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and is primarily found in the Sundarbans mangrove forests of West Bengal, as well as various national parks and tiger reserves across the country.

With its striking orange coat and black stripes, the Bengal Tiger is known for its majestic appearance. It is the largest tiger subspecies and can reach lengths of up to 10 feet (3 metres) and weigh up to 550 pounds (250 kilograms). These powerful predators are highly territorial and primarily hunt large ungulates like deer and wild boar.

Despite conservation efforts, the Bengal Tiger faces numerous threats, including habitat loss due to deforestation, poaching for its skin and body parts, and human-wildlife conflict. The Indian government has implemented various initiatives to protect this magnificent species, such as establishing protected areas and anti-poaching measures.

Additionally, conservation organizations work tirelessly to raise awareness and promote conservation practices to ensure the survival of the Bengal Tiger for future generations.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

2. Asiatic Lion – Panthera Leo Persica

The Asiatic Lion, scientifically known as Panthera leo persica, is a rare and endangered species found in the Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat, India. It is one of the five subspecies of lions and is slightly smaller than its African counterparts.

Asiatic Lions have a sandy or tawny coat with a distinctive fold of skin along their belly and a shorter mane compared to African lions. Males can weigh up to 420 pounds (190 kilograms) and reach a length of about 9 feet (2.7 metres). These majestic creatures primarily feed on large herbivores like deer and wild boar.

Habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict are significant threats to the survival of the Asiatic Lion. To protect this endangered species, the Indian government has implemented strict conservation measures, including habitat preservation and anti-poaching efforts. The population of Asiatic Lions has shown a positive growth trend in recent years, thanks to these conservation initiatives and the dedicated efforts of wildlife authorities and conservation organizations.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

3. Snow Leopard – Panthera Uncia

The Snow Leopard, scientifically known as Panthera uncia, is a highly elusive and endangered big cat species found in the mountainous regions of Central and South Asia, including the high-altitude areas of the Indian Himalayas.

Snow Leopards are known for their thick, whitish-gray fur with black spots and rosettes, which provide excellent camouflage in their snowy habitat. They have well-adapted bodies for the harsh mountainous environment, with strong hind legs and a long tail for balance. They are also exceptional climbers and can leap long distances.

The population of Snow Leopards in India is estimated to be around 500-700 individuals. These majestic cats primarily feed on blue sheep, ibex, and other mountain ungulates. Their survival is threatened by poaching for their fur, habitat loss, and retaliatory killings due to conflicts with local communities.

Efforts are being made by the Indian government, along with international organizations and local communities, to conserve Snow Leopards. Conservation initiatives include the establishment of protected areas, community-based conservation programs, and the promotion of sustainable livelihoods for local communities. Such measures aim to safeguard the unique beauty and ecological importance of the Snow Leopard in India’s fragile mountain ecosystems.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

4. One-horned Rhinoceros – Rhinoceros Unicornis

The One-horned Rhinoceros, also known as the Indian Rhinoceros, is a large and impressive mammal native to the Indian subcontinent. Scientifically known as Rhinoceros unicornis, it is primarily found in the tall grasslands and forests of northeastern India and Nepal. This magnificent species is known for its distinct single horn, which can grow up to 25 inches in length.

One of the major threats to the One-horned Rhinoceros is habitat loss due to deforestation and human encroachment. Additionally, they are targeted by poachers for their valuable horns, which are highly sought after in the illegal wildlife trade. Conservation efforts have been implemented to protect these endangered creatures, with national parks and sanctuaries established to safeguard their habitats.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

5. Blackbuck – Antilope Cervicapra

The Blackbuck, scientifically known as Antilope cervicapra, is an elegant and graceful antelope species found in the grasslands and open plains of India. Known for its striking appearance, the Blackbuck boasts a sleek black coat on its upper body, contrasting with its white underbelly and distinctive twisted horns in males.

Habitat loss, hunting, and illegal poaching have led to a significant decline in the Blackbuck population, classifying it as an endangered species. These antelopes are prized for their meat, skin, and horns, leading to illicit trade activities. Conservation initiatives, including the establishment of protected areas, conservation breeding programs, and community involvement, aim to safeguard their habitats and raise awareness about their conservation.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

6. Lion-Tailed Macaque – Macaca Silenus

The Lion-Tailed Macaque, scientifically known as Macaca silenus, is a unique and endangered primate species found in the Western Ghats of India. It gets its name from the impressive mane of long, silver-white hair framing its face, resembling a lion’s mane. This distinctive appearance, combined with its black fur and a tufted tail, makes the Lion-Tailed Macaque one of the most visually striking primates.

The primary threats to the Lion-Tailed Macaque are habitat loss and fragmentation due to deforestation. They are highly dependent on the evergreen and semi-evergreen rainforests of the Western Ghats for their survival. Conservation efforts have focused on protecting their habitats, raising awareness among local communities, and promoting sustainable forest management practices to ensure the long-term survival of this endangered primate species.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

7. Resplendent Tree Frog – Rhacophorus Resplendens

The Resplendent Tree Frog, scientifically known as Rhacophorus Resplendens, is an endangered amphibian species found in certain regions of India. It is predominantly found in the Western Ghats, a mountain range along the western coast of India. This species is known for its vibrant and striking appearance, with a green body and red-colored eyes. The Resplendent Tree Frog is arboreal in nature, meaning it spends most of its time in trees and vegetation.

Due to habitat loss and degradation caused by deforestation, as well as pollution and climate change, the population of Resplendent Tree Frogs has significantly declined in recent years. They rely on moist and undisturbed forests for their survival and breeding. These frogs lay their eggs in water-filled tree hollows, and the tadpoles develop in these water bodies.

Conservation efforts are being made to protect the Resplendent Tree Frog and its habitat. Measures include the establishment of protected areas and raising awareness about the importance of preserving their natural environment. Continued research and monitoring of their populations are crucial to better understand their biology and develop effective conservation strategies for this unique and beautiful amphibian species.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

8. Kashmiri Red Stag – Cervus Elaphus Hanglu

The Kashmiri Red Stag, scientifically known as Cervus Elaphus Hanglu, is a subspecies of red deer that is native to the high-altitude regions of Kashmir in India. It is a majestic and iconic animal, characterized by its large size, impressive antlers, and reddish-brown coat. The males, known as stags, have elaborate antlers with multiple points, which they shed and regrow annually.

The Kashmiri Red Stag is listed as an endangered species primarily due to habitat loss, fragmentation, and illegal hunting. The destruction of its natural habitat, caused by deforestation, agriculture, and human encroachment, has significantly reduced its range and population. Additionally, poaching for its antlers and meat poses a serious threat to its survival.

Conservation efforts are being undertaken to protect the Kashmiri Red Stag and its habitat. Initiatives include the establishment of protected areas and strict enforcement of anti-poaching measures. Community-based conservation programs involving local communities are also being implemented to raise awareness and promote sustainable livelihoods that benefit both the people and the wildlife in the region.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

9. Nilgiri Tahr – Nilgiritragus Hylocrius

The Nilgiri Tahr, scientifically known as Nilgiritragus Hylocrius, is an endangered ungulate species endemic to the Western Ghats of India. It is a stocky and robust animal with a dark brown to black coat and curved horns, which are present in both males and females. The Nilgiri Tahr inhabits steep rocky slopes and grassy hillsides in the high-altitude montane grasslands of the Nilgiri Hills.

Habitat loss, fragmentation, and poaching have posed significant threats to the survival of the Nilgiri Tahr. Encroachment into its habitat for agriculture, hydroelectric projects, and other developmental activities has led to the destruction and degradation of its natural range. Poaching for its meat, skin, and horns has also had a detrimental impact on the population.

Conservation efforts are underway to protect the Nilgiri Tahr and its habitat. The establishment of protected areas, such as the Nilgiri Tahr Eravikulam National Park and Mukurthi National Park, has played a crucial role in safeguarding this species. Strict anti-poaching measures and community-based conservation initiatives are being implemented to ensure the long-term survival of the Nilgiri Tahr.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

10. Indian Bison (Gaur) – Bos Gaurus

The Indian Bison, also known as the Gaur, scientifically named Bos Gaurus, is the largest wild bovine species found in India. It is a formidable animal with a muscular build, a dark brown to black coat, and curved horns. The Gaur primarily inhabits forested areas, grasslands, and hilly regions across the Indian subcontinent.

Despite its imposing size, the Indian Bison faces numerous threats that have contributed to its endangered status. Habitat loss and fragmentation due to deforestation, conversion of forests into agricultural land, and human encroachment have significantly reduced its available habitat. Additionally, poaching for its meat, horns, and other body parts remains a persistent concern.

Conservation efforts are being undertaken to protect the Indian Bison and its habitat. Strict enforcement of wildlife protection laws and the establishment of protected areas, such as national parks and sanctuaries, have provided some level of protection for this species.

Community-based conservation initiatives involving local communities and stakeholders are also being implemented to promote sustainable coexistence and reduce human-wildlife conflicts.

Endangered Animals in India - Top 10 Wildlife That Must Be Saved

Endangered Species in India

India is home to a diverse range of endangered animals, each with its unique characteristics and ecological significance. The list of the top 10 endangered species in India showcases the urgent need for conservation efforts to protect these remarkable creatures and preserve the delicate balance of ecosystems.

From the majestic Bengal Tiger and Asiatic Lion to the elusive Snow Leopard and the iconic One-horned Rhinoceros, these animals play vital roles in maintaining the health and stability of their habitats. They are not only crucial for the survival of other organisms but also represent India’s rich natural heritage and its deep connection with wildlife.

By protecting the Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lion, Snow Leopard, One-horned Rhinoceros, Blackbuck, Lion-tailed Macaque, Resplendent Tree Frog, Kashmiri Red Stag, Nilgiri Tahr, and Indian Bison, we not only ensure the survival of these species but also contribute to the overall health and biodiversity of India’s ecosystems.

Let us embark on a journey to explore and appreciate the diverse and endangered animals of India, while actively participating in their conservation for the benefit of future generations

Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.

Categories: Top 10 News
Source: ptivs2.edu.vn

Leave a Comment