Why is China Expanding its Nuclear Arsenal? Know the details

China is expanding its nuclear arsenal at a very rapid pace. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), warheads stockpiled in China increased from 350 to 410. Here are all the essential details.

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute published data on nuclear warheads from nine states: Russia, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and Israel, which They decreased from 12,710 to 12,512 in 2023.

The nine nuclear weapons states (🇺🇸, 🇷🇺, 🇬🇧, 🇫🇷, 🇨🇳, 🇮🇳, 🇵🇰, 🇰🇵 and 🇮🇱) together possessed approximately 12,512 warheads at the beginning of 20 23, one decrease of Estimated 12,710 by early 2022.

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June 12, 2023

Dan Smith, director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), told AFP that “we are approaching, or perhaps have already reached, the end of a long period of decline in the number of nuclear weapons around the world.” world”.

However, according to the report, China’s nuclear arsenals increased in January 2023.

Hans M. Kristensen, associate member of SIPRI’s Weapons of Mass Destruction Program and director of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Nuclear Information Project, said that “China has initiated a significant expansion of its nuclear arsenal.”

“It is increasingly difficult to square this trend with China’s stated goal of having only the minimum nuclear forces necessary to maintain its national security,” he added.

According to SIPRI, Russia and the United States possess more than 90% of all nuclear weapons and the size of their usable warheads has also remained stable this year. Here is the table showing the world’s nuclear forces:


Source: SIPRI

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Will China increase nuclear warheads?

It is difficult to say for sure whether China will continue to increase its nuclear arsenal. However, the factors that are driving China’s nuclear expansion are likely to continue into the future, so China is likely to continue expanding its nuclear arsenal at least for the foreseeable future.

According to the Gun Control Association, “If China continues the pace of its nuclear expansion, it will likely have an arsenal of around 1,500 warheads by 2035.”

The expansion of China’s nuclear arsenal is a major concern for the United States and its allies. It is a sign of China’s growing military power and its willingness to use force to achieve its goals.

The United States and its allies must be prepared to respond to this challenge and must work to ensure that China does not use its nuclear arsenal to threaten its neighbors or the international community.

Nuclear diplomacy suffers

Due to Russia’s attack on Ukraine, the efforts of many nations to control and reduce the use of nuclear weapons suffered a major setback.

As a result, the United States stopped mentioning stability and control of its nuclear weapons to Russia.

In conclusion, China’s decision to expand its nuclear arsenal can be attributed to several factors. First, it aims to ensure its national security by maintaining credible barriers against potential adversaries.

Second, China seeks to enhance its global influence and influence in international affairs, as a robust nuclear arsenal is often seen as a symbol of power and prestige.

Additionally, China may be responding to perceived threats or developments in the geopolitical landscape, such as the modernization efforts of other nuclear-armed states.

Dan Smith, director of SIPRI, stated “In this period of heightened geopolitical tension and mistrust, with communication channels between nuclear-armed rivals closed or barely functioning, the risks of miscalculations, misunderstandings or accidents are unacceptably high.”

“There is an urgent need to restore nuclear diplomacy and strengthen international controls on nuclear weapons,” he added.

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Source: ptivs2.edu.vn

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