What is Body Dysmorphia? Meaning, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Modern beauty standards have severely distorted people’s self-image. Seeing ripped, muscular men with chiseled abs and jaws and women with sculpted bodies and sharp features on social media can negatively impact people’s confidence and stress levels. Everyone wants to be beautiful nowadays and there is nothing wrong with that, but being obsessed with your body can lead to a mental health condition called body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) or body dysmorphia. Even celebrities that people idolize suffer from BDD. Hollywood star Megan Fox, who has appeared on several lists of the most beautiful women and is idolized by numerous women, recently revealed her struggle with body dysmorphia. Dive in to learn what BDD is and everything you need to know about its meaning, history, symptoms, causes, and treatment.

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What is body dysmorphia?

Body dysmorphic disorder is a type of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) that was first identified by Italian psychiatrist Enrico Morselli in 1891. The term “dysmorphia” is derived from a Greek word meaning deformity or ugliness.

BDD has become more common and prominent in the modern world. It is especially common among adolescents and is estimated to affect around 0.7% to 2.4% of the population. BDD can seriously disrupt a person’s way of life and negatively affect social and personal life.

Narcissistic obsession with the body is often fueled by appearance positivity, while BDD is fueled by a negative view.

Megan Fox says she suffers from body dysmorphia pic.twitter.com/1mKrq9UP9a

– Daily Loud (@DailyLoud)
May 16, 2023

What are the symptoms of body dysmorphia?

The most important and common symptom of body dysmorphia is distaste for appearance. It can range from disliking the smallest part of the body, such as the ears, to the entire body.

The following are the symptoms of BDD:

  • Worrying a lot about a specific area of ​​your body (usually the face)
  • Spend a lot of time comparing your appearance to other people.
  • Look in mirrors or avoid them altogether.
  • Spend a lot of time trying to hide your flaws: excess makeup, frequent combing of your hair, difficulty choosing clothes.
  • Choosing your skin
  • Frequent weighing
  • Take selfies, use filters and intensively edit your images
  • exercise too much
  • Excessive shopping and frequent changes of clothes.
  • Looking for cosmetic surgery

What is the cause of body dysmorphia?

  • There are many causes of body dysmorphic disorder. Most are purely mental, while some are due to underlying health issues. You can check the causes of BDD below:
  • Abuse or bullying: Traumatic experiences, especially at a young age, can result in a negative self-image. Bullying, child abuse and neglect are the main culprits.
  • Low self-esteem: People with low self-esteem are more likely to develop BDD due to their inherent insecurities. They are especially concerned about their appearance.
  • Fear of being rejected
  • Perfectionism or comparing yourself to others: The race to achieve perfection is endless, and there really is no point in constantly comparing yourself to others because no matter what you do, there will always be someone better than you.
  • Genetics: Mental health disorders such as BDD can be hereditary and passed down to offspring.
  • Depression, anxiety or OCD: These conditions are known to accelerate negativity and mood swings in people and can also lead to body dysmorphia.

Body dysmorphia treatment

Body dysmorphia is a common but mild disorder that can be easily treated with professional help. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the preferred type of treatment for BDD. It is a type of talk therapy that involves talking with an expert or in a group. CBT can help people with BDD manage their symptoms and deal with their insecurities. It also identifies BDD triggers and how patients may perceive their situation and feel differently.

Antidepressant medications are also used to treat body dysmorphia.

Categories: Optical Illusion
Source: ptivs2.edu.vn

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