International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples 2023: List of Indigenous Peoples around Asia

World Indigenous Day or International Day of the World’s Indigenous People 2023: The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People globally recognizes and applauds the contribution of indigenous communities at a cultural, social and economic level. The day aims to showcase the community’s customs, traditions and sustainable practices. Additionally, it emphasizes eradicating the challenges these communities face to help them live a better life, with this year’s theme, “Indigenous youth as agents of change for self-determination.” The three main objectives of this year’s observation are:

  • Climate action and green transition
  • Mobilizing for justice
  • Intergenerational connections

According to the United Nations, “violations of the rights of the world’s indigenous peoples have become a persistent problem, sometimes due to a historical burden derived from their history of colonization and other times due to the contrast with a society in constant change”. So, in the day when self-determination is demanded, indigenous youth are working as agents of change at the forefront of some of the most pressing crises facing humanity today.

There are 476 million indigenous people…

🔹living in 90 countries🔹representing 5,000 cultures🔹speaking most of the 7,000 languages ​​of the 🌎

The Wednesdays #IndigenousDaySee what the UN is doing to promote and protect your rights:

— United Nations (@UN)
August 9, 2023

According to UN reports, “There are an estimated 476 million indigenous peoples in the world living in 90 countries. They represent less than 5 percent of the world’s population, but represent 15 percent of the poorest. “They speak an overwhelming majority of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages ​​and represent 5,000 different cultures.”

This article will help you to know about the popular tribal communities of Asia, mainly the Indian subcontinent:

indian subcontinent


The term Adivasi refers to the tribal communities found entirely throughout the Indian subcontinent. The word was taken from the Sanskrit language by political activists to give tribal people an indigenous identity by reclaiming their indigenous heritage around 1930.

dravidian peoples

The Dravidian peoples, often known as Dravidian speakers or Dravidians, are a linguistic and cultural group largely inhabiting South Asia and speaking any of the Dravidian languages.

  • Badaga: Tamil Nadu, South India
  • Gond: Land of Gondwana, central India
  • Irula: Tamil Nadu, South India
  • Kisan: Indigenous people of Odisha, East India
  • Kodava: Kodagu, Karnataka, South India
  • Kota (Kothar/Kov): Tamil Nadu, South India
  • Kuruba: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, South India
  • Tamil: Tamil Nadu, South India and Sri Lanka
  • Todo: Tamil Nadu, South India
  • Southern Dravidian peoples
  • Giraavaru: Maldives

Indo-European peoples

According to linguistic reconstruction, the Indo-Europeans were an unlikely prehistoric people of Eurasia who spoke Proto-Indo-European (PIE), the origin of the Indo-European languages.

iranian peoples

  • Pashtuns: southern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan
  • Balochistan: southeastern Iran and southwestern Pakistan

Indo-Aryan peoples

The Indo-Aryan peoples are a group of Indo-European peoples who speak Indo-Aryan languages ​​in India. The Aryans were Indo-Iranian-speaking pastoralists who migrated from Central Asia to South Asia and brought with them the Proto-Indo-Aryan language.

  • Dard: Dardistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit-Baltistan, North Pakistan
  • Kalasha of Chitral (Kaĺaśa) – former pre-Muslim polytheistic pagan ethnic minority in Chitral district, northern Pakistan
  • Shina: Gilgit-Baltistan, northern Pakistan
  • Kashmiri Hindus: India
  • Pothwari: Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Seraiki: Multan, Pakistan
  • Punjabi: Lahore, Pakistan, Amristar and Delhi, India
  • Sindhi: Sindh, Pakistan, India
  • Bengali: Bangladesh, India
  • Gujarati: India Sindh, Pakistan
  • Banjara: Rajasthan
  • Bhil people: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh
  • Jaunsari people: Uttarakhand
  • Dogras: Jammu
  • Tharu: Nepal, East India
  • Warli

Sino-Tibetan-speaking peoples

The Sino-Tibetan language family comprises the earliest literary languages, including Chinese, Tibetan, and Burmese, as well as more than 400 modern languages ​​spoken in China, India, Burma, and Nepal. It is one of the most diverse language families in the world, with 1.4 billion speakers.

corporeal peoples

  • Ladakhi: Ladakh, North India
  • Konyak peoples
  • assamese indigenous people
  • Tripuri (Borok): Tripura, northeast India
  • Konyak peoples
  • Night: Tirap, Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India

kukish peoples

  • Karbi: Karbi Anglong, Assam, North East India
  • Mizo (Mizo hnam): Mizoram, northeast India
  • Naga: Nagaland, northeast India

Raji-Raute peoples

  • Route: Nepal, North India
  • digaro towns
  • Mishmi: Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India

jumma village

  • Chakma: Bangladesh, Arunachal Pradesh – North East India
  • Indigenous people of Sikkim: India

Sino-Tibetan speaking peoples

  • corporeal peoples
  • Butya (Denzongpa)
  • lepcha
  • Meitei: Manipur, northeast India
  • Burusho: Hunza and Chitral districts, Gilgit-Baltistan, northern Pakistan

Sino-Tibetan speaking peoples

  • Lolo-Burmese peoples
  • Burmese peoples
  • Marma: Bangladesh
  • Meitei people: Manipur and neighboring states of India, Bangladesh, Myanmar
  • Vedda (Wanniyala-Aetto): Sri Lanka
  • Sinhalese: Sri Lanka
  • Dhivehi: Maldives

Andaman and Nicobar Islands


The term Negrito refers to a variety of ethnic groups living in remote areas of Southeast Asia and the Andaman Islands.

  • Great Andamanese: Great Andaman, Strait Island, Andaman Islands.
  • Jangil (Rutland Jarawa): now extinct, formerly from Rutland Island, Andaman
  • Jarawa: South Andaman and Middle Andaman
  • Onge (Önge): Little Andaman, Andaman Islands
  • Sentinelese: North Sentinel Island, Andaman Islands

Austroasiatic peoples

  • Nicobarese people (Holchu): Nicobar Islands, India
  • Shompen People (Kalay-Keyet): Nicobar Islands, India

This International Day of Indigenous Peoples 2023, with the theme “Indigenous youth as agents of change for self-determination”, reaffirms the role that indigenous youth must play in decision-making while recognizing their dedicated efforts in action climate, the search for justice for its people, and the establishment of an intergenerational connection that preserves its culture, traditions and contributions.

Source: United Nations Organization

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